Menopause is something that all women go through when their period stops. It usually doesn’t happen until after they are 45 but can happen earlier or later. This is the time when women go through hormonal changes and go through a variety of changes.
Unfortunately, the hormonal changes that come with menopause can trigger a number of issues in women, such as decreased levels of estrogen which, combined with weight gain, can lead to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and osteoporosis.
It can also lead to an increased risk of periodontal disease, which is why it is essential you have regular checkups with a doctor and a reputable dentist, such as this dentist Fortitude Valley.
Why The Risk Of Periodontal Disease Increases
Recent studies have shown a connection between the onset of menopause and an increase in women with periodontal disease. It is believed it is triggered by lower levels of estrogen in the body. This is a valuable substance for the growth and strength of bones in men and women. When levels decrease it is likely that bone strength will be compromised.
At the same time, the strength of your teeth will diminish. In real terms this means they are less capable of fending off bacteria, increasing the risk of the bacteria lodging on the gum line.
When bacteria lodges at your gums it will attack them, weakening them and causing them to recede. That’s periodontal disease.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
It is helpful to know the most common signs that you have periodontal disease, this will help you to take steps to deal with it as early as possible.
- Bright red inflamed gums – can also be purple
- Gums bleed easily, even when lightly brushing
- Tenderness in gums
- Gaps start to form between your teeth
- Gums start to recede, it becomes more visible over time
- Pus between your teeth or in specific areas of your gums
- Pain when chewing
Things You Can Do To Mitigate Risk
The best thing you can do to reduce the risk of periodontal disease is to maintain your oral hygiene routines. That means brushing for at least two minutes every morning and evening, flossing daily, and using a non-alcoholic mouthwash.
It is also a good idea to keep your mouth moist. Sipping water and chewing sugar-free gum can stimulate saliva glands to produce saliva, helping to prevent bacteria from settling in your mouth.
It is also essential that you have regular checkups. This will ensure any issues are picked up early and can be addressed. Regular dental visits will help to ensure you don’t experience tooth loss and they can help you to improve your oral hygiene techniques, if necessary.
Your dentist will perform additional scaling to reduce tartar buildup in your mouth and protect your gums. They may also provide antibiotics and special antimicrobial mouthwashes. In severe cases, bone and tissue grafts can be performed to repair the damage.