Braces and orthodontic appliances, in general, are used to treat malocclusion, which entails crooked, crowded, and protruding teeth. Supportive braces which are only prescribed by accredited orthodontists are very effective in handling various dental concerns such as deep overbites and underbites.
In a controlled manner, braces will gently apply pressure on the teeth to the desired position. Before your orthodontist puts braces on your teeth, several tests have to be carried out to determine how viable you are to receive the braces. The health of your gums, teeth, bones, etc. has to be taken into account before braces are prescribed for you.
The duration taken to heal depends on factors like the severity of the situation and the type of braces used.
The Options Available
The options of the types of braces one can pick to help in achieving the perfect smile has grown over the years. There are braces made from different materials, different colors, and even have different working functionalities. Here are the five most common types of braces available in the market today.
Metal braces, or traditional braces as is commonly referred to, are the pioneering types of braces, having been used for decades. They are made up of two major components; the archwires and brackets. The brackets are placed on top of individual teeth which they get bonded with.
The archwires connect all brackets, making it possible to apply pressure on the teeth, gradually shifting their position. Unlike in the previous years, the wires are much smaller; making anyone walking around with braces feels more comfortable.
Furthermore, the duration of putting them on has been drastically reduced thanks to new technology which makes them apply more pressure and with minimal pain. The young wearers have an option to choose the color of rubber bands for each bracket, making it easier for them to personalize their braces.
- Ceramic braces
While using the same concept as metallic braces, these ones are ceramic and are made to match the color of your teeth. This makes it virtually invisible. However, they are a bit pricier compared to metallic braces.
Invisalign is one of the most popular types of invisible braces for straight teeth. Just as the name suggests, these braces are ‘clear’ and cannot be seen by someone unless close attention is paid. They might not be ideal for all patients, but they sure do come along with numerous advantages.
Unlike the other types of braces, one can easily take them out and get them back on seamlessly. Once the wearer gets used to them, they are more comfortable to have on than the metallic type. This type of orthodontic appliances is not recommended for severe malocclusions.
This is because it does not apply as much pressure as the metallic braces. However, it is ideal for someone who has relatively standard orthodontic misalignments and does not need to have their braces seen.
These braces use the wire and bracket system, just like metallic and ceramic braces. However, they are more advanced and use clips and doors to bond the brackets to the wires instead of using rubber bands. They hold less food, are less painful, and eventually reduce the visits you make to the dentist.
Lingual braces operate just like metallic braces, only that the brackets are placed on the lingual (inner) parts of the bite. They can either be metallic or ceramic, but cannot be seen from outside the mouth.
Getting your perfect smile back has never been easier. All you have to do is to contact your dentist and arrange to get the right braces for you. If you do not wish for people to know that you have braces on, you can opt for the invisible braces to straighten your teeth.