Gasoline in Canada comes from a massive exploration and refining industry that operates mostly in the western part of the country. Because Canada has so many natural resources, it is a good place to drill and refine oil. However, people may not understand where all these resources come from. There are a few tips below that explain how oil and natural gas are discovered, recovered, and refined in Canada.
The Western Sedimentary Basin
The Western Sedimentary Basin is the place where most oil discovery and refining takes place. The basin actually starts in the northern reaches of the United States. The basin continues through much of Alberta, and it reaches up to the Northwest Territories. The basin is so large that it provides both domestic oil and natural gas for much of the country.
How Does Oil Become Gasoline?
Alberta natural gas is refined and sent to the customer through plants in the province. Natural gas requires less work to refine, and it has a sulfuric scent added to detect leaks. However, gasoline must be refined throughout Canada so that customers get the correct finished product.
How Does The Supply Chain Work?
The gasoline supply chain in Canada starts with domestic and imported oil. The oil is sent to a refinery where it can be turned into several different products. Gasoline is just one way that crude oil can be used in the manufacturing process. Petroleum jelly, plastics, and a range of other products are also made at these refineries.
The refineries then send that gasoline to gas stations and depots around the country. 17 large refineries in Canada are spread out across the country, and each one of them helps to supply a certain area.
How Is Gasoline Transported?
Gasoline can be transported via truck, train, or intercoastal waterway to the intended destination. Because the country is so large, trains are often used to criss-cross the country for deliveries. However, gasoline is delivered to most service stations via tanker trucks. Drivers see these trucks on the road every day, and the trucks will fill the large reservoirs at each gas station.
Gasoline is needed at airports to fuel jet, and gasoline is delivered to military bases, private companies, and school systems to fuel their buses. The gasoline production industry in Canada is so vast that it also uses imported oil to keep up with demand.
Gasoline in Canada is produced mostly from crude oil found in the Western Sedimentary Basin. However, crude oil makes more than gasoline. A large distillation tower in every refinery can break the oil down to make jet fuel, gasoline, natural gas vapors, kerosene, diesel fuel, and even an asphalt base that is used to make roads. Canada’s large sedimentary field is one of the largest in the world, and it helps power this vast nation. Plus, crude oil can be used to help heat homes with natural gas vapors that are pulled out of every refinery.